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Juvenile Criminal Defense

Juvenile Defense

An allegation of a juvenile crime can have a devastating effect on your child's reputation, livelihood and overall well being. Juvenile allegations can seriously affect your child's ability to maintain or secure future employment. It is crucial that a Juvenile case be handled with extreme care and caution by an experienced Juvenile defense attorney.juvenile

Different From the Adult System

When a person under the age of eighteen is charged with a crime in Maryland, the case is often handled in the juvenile justice system. The juvenile justice system is different than the adult criminal justice system in many ways.
Juvenile Adult
Focus: Rehabilitation and Treatment Punishment
Time Limits: 60 Days from Arraignment 180 Days from Arraignment
Recommendation Made By: Department of Juvenile Services State's Attorney
Alternative Sentence: Case Held Sub Curiae Probation Before Judgement
Atorney Representation: Must Have an Attorney Can Represent Self
Jurisdiction: Ends at Age 18 After 18
Supervision: Ends at Age 21 Never Ends
Appeal: Circuit Court Court of Special Appeals
Terms: Respondent Defendant
Master Judge
Found Delinquent Found Guilty
Not Delinquent Statement of Facts Not Guilty Statement of Facts

Diversion Programs & Alternative Sentences

Each Juvenile case needs to be examined by an experienced juvenile lawyer to determine if it can be dismissed or if some other alternative resolution is appropriate for your child. If this is a first offense, the courts in Baltimore County, Baltimore City and Harford County all have programs designed for certain first time offenders including mediation and having cases resolved at intake. As a former Prosecutor in both Harford County and Baltimore County, we have the experience needed to effectively represent children who appear in the juvenile court system in Baltimore County, Baltimore City and Harford County and throughout Maryland. Please contact us to schedule a free consultation to discuss how we can defend your child's juvenile case and protect his or her record.

Cases Automatically Removed to Adult Court

In some instances juvenile cases are sent directly to adult court. Under § 3-8A-03 of Maryland Courts and Judicial Proceedings there are a number of cases that the Juvenile Court does not have jurisdiction.
  1. A child at least 14 years old alleged to have done an act which, if committed by an adult, would be a crime punishable by death or life imprisonment.
  2. A child at least 16 years old who has receives a traffic violation, except for any traffic violation where the child could go to jail. Example DUI, DWI, driving while suspended, etc.
  3. A child at least 16 years old who has receives a boating violation, except for any boating violation where the child could go to jail. Example boating while under the influence of alcohol and Boating while impaired by alcohol.
  4. A child at least 16 years old alleged to have committed any of the following crimes:
    1. Abduction;
    2. Kidnapping;
    3. Second degree murder;
    4. Manslaughter, except involuntary manslaughter;
    5. Second degree rape;
    6. Robbery;
    7. Second degree sexual offense;
    8. Third degree sexual offense;
    9. Certain Handgun charges under the Public Safety Article;
    10. Using, wearing, carrying, or transporting a firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking crime;
    11. Use of a firearm;
    12. Carjacking or armed carjacking;
    13. Assault in the first degree;
    14. Attempted murder in the second degree;
    15. Attempted rape in the second degree or attempted sexual offense in the second degree;
    16. Attempted robbery or
    17. A violation of § 4-203, § 4-204, § 4-404, or § 4-405 of the Criminal Law Article;
If your child is charged with any offense that is automatically transferred to Adult Court call Francomano & Francomano immediately. The case can be sent back to Juvenile Court if a Motion to Transfer Jurisdiction to Juvenile Court is filed within the statutory time period. If your child was arrested on any Juvenile charge or is facing any Juvenile charge in Baltimore County, Baltimore City, Harford County, or any other part of Maryland for immediate help call Francomano & Francomano.

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